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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is a state in Southern India. The state borders the Bay of Bengal to the east with three oceans meeting at Kanyakumari. Tamil Nadu has the coastline of about 910 km (570 mi) encompassing the union territory of Puducherry. The capital of the state is Chennai, the fourth largest city of India.

Tamil Nadu is known for Dravidian architecture, old Hindu temples, colorful festivals, UNESCO World Heritage sites, hill stations, waterfalls, national parks, south Indian cuisine, etc.

The state is also renowned for medical tourism with medical care centers in Chennai, Vellore, Coimbatore and Madurai.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

The state is home to five UNESCO World Heritage sites: the Great Living Chola Temples (the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram), the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram.


Major destinations include: Chennai, Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram), Kanyakumari, Madurai, Vellore, Kanchipuram, Coimbatore, the hill stations - Coonoor, Ooty and Kodaikanal, etc.


Tamil Nadu has many national parks, biosphere reserves, wildlife sanctuaries, elephant and bird sanctuaries, reserved forests, zoos and crocodile farms. The Mudumalai National Park and the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve are among the popular ones.


Festivals of the state celebrate the joy of music and dance. Among the most popular ones are: International Music Festival in Thiruvaiyaru (January), Natyanjali Dance Festival in Chidambaram (February/March), Summer Festivals (May-June), Chennai Festival of Music and Dance (December/January) and Mamallapuram Dance Festival (December/January). Other festivals include: Pongal - a four-day harvest festival and one of the most widely celebrated festivals throughout Tamil Nadu (January), Chennai Sangamam (January), Teppam or Float Festival in Madurai (January/February), etc.


The region is famous for kanchipuram and tanjore silk. The hill stations of Ooty and Kodaikanal produce aromatic and medicinal oils from herbs, flowers and eucalyptus. Other handicrafts of the region include miniature paintings on leaf skeletons, woraiyur cigars, articles made of sea shells, etc.


The South Indian food specialties include idli (spongy, round fermented rice cake), vada (deep-fried lentil-flour doughnut) served with coconut chutney and sambar (lentil broth), kozhukkattai (steamed dumplings made with rice flour), puttu (steamed layered, cylindrical cakes made with flour), aviyal (stew of vegetables with fresh coconut). Traditionally prepared filter coffee is unique in taste and popular all over the state. The popular sweetmeat includes Thirunelveli halwa and jigarthanda (milk dessert).


Tamil Nadu experiences tropical climate. May and June are the hottest months with average temperature of about 38 °C (100 °F) while December and January are the coolest months with average temperature of about 20 °C (80 °F). Monsoon rains are from June to September and through October to December.

Best time to visit is between mid-November and April.

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