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Nagaland

Nagaland is one of the seven states of North-Eastern India known as Seven Sister States. The capital city of the state is Kohima while the biggest city is Dimapur. The state shares international border with Birma to the east. Visitors to Nagaland are required special permit.

Major tourist sites in the state include: Kohima capital city, Dzukou Valley, Changtongya town, Japfu Peak, Khonoma Gate, Meluri town, Naganimora town, Nagaland State Museum, etc.

Nagaland is largely a mountainous state. Mount Saramati at an elevation of 12,601.70 feet (3,841.00 m) in Naga hills is the state's highest peak. Nagaland is home to 396 species of orchids.

There are three wildlife sanctuaries in Nagaland namely Fakim Sanctuary, Pulie Badze Sanctuary and Itanki Wildlife Sanctuary. Some animals found in the region are Tiger, Bison, Slender Loris, Himalayan Bear, Hoolock gibbons, Panther, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Jungle Cat, Sambar, etc. Some of the rare species of birds that can be seen here are Indian Horn Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc are.

The state is inhabited by 16 major tribes - Ao Naga, Angami Naga, Chang Naga, Konyak peope, Lotha Naga, etc. Each tribe has its own culture, traditions, dress and language. Naga people speak over 36 different languages and dialects. English is in predominant language while dominant religion is Christianity.

Weaving is a traditional art handed down through generations in Nagaland. Each of the tribe has its own unique designs and colours, producing shawls, shoulder bags, decorative spears, table mats, wood carvings, and bamboo works. Nagaland is also known for bamboo and cane furniture, wicker drinking vessels, jewellery and tribal crafts.

Tribal culture is explored via folk dances, songs, tales and stories.

Nagaland is often referred to as the Land of Festivals. The region is known for Hornbill Festival of Nagaland – a one week celebrations at Kisama Heritage Village, promoting the cultural heritage of the state. It is rich in colourful performances, traditional dances, crafts, sports, food fairs, games and ceremonies. Of all the festivals in the northeast this is the most spectacular and photogenic.

Naga’s cuisine is known for exotic pork meats cooked with simple and flavourful ingredients, fermented bamboo shoots, soya beans, chillis. It often features meats and fish, which are often smoked, dried or fermented. Rice beer is the main drink. The popular beer is of three kinds: Zutho, Ruhi, and Dzutse and it is served with mashed roasted millet, soya bean and red chilli.

Kohima hosts the World War II Cemetery, and Kisama War Museum, in honour of those who lost their lives during World War II during the fighting between British Empire and Japanese troops.

Nagaland has a largely monsoon climate with high humidity levels. Monsoon season is from May to September. Maximum temperature in summers is around 40 °C (104 °F and minimum temperature is about 4 °C, (39 °F), frost is common at high elevations.

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