Tripura is one of the seven states of North-Eastern India known as Seven Sister States. The capital city of the state is Agartala. The state shares international border with Bangladesh to the north, south and west. Tripura is the third-smallest state in India, behind Goa and Sikkim. Visitors to Tripura are required special permit and foreigners must register with the police on arrival at the airport.
Tripura is known for royal palaces, temples, Buddhist shrines, rich cultural heritage and nature beauty. Major tourist sites in the state include: Ujjayanta Palace at Agartala, Jagannath Mandir at Agartala, Kamalasagar Lake, Dumboor Lake, Neermahal, Kunjaban Palace, Tripura Government Museum, Jampui Hill, Dumboor Lake etc.
The state is inhabited by 19 tribes, many subtribes and non tribal Bengali and Manipuri communities. The Kokborok speaking Tripuri people are the major group.
The princely state of the Tripuri Kingdom was a part of the British Empire and was known as Hill Tippera.
The region consists of hill ranges, valleys, plains and fresh waters. Forests cover more than half of the area, in which bamboo and cane tracts are common. Tripura hosts 90 land mammal species including elephant, bear, binturong, wild dog), porcupine , barking deer, sambar, wild boar, gaur, leopard, clouded leopard and many species of small cats and primates. There are nearly 300 species of birds in the state. Wildlife sanctuaries and National parks of the state include Sipahijola, Gumti, Rowa and Trishna wildlife sanctuaries and Clouded Leopard National Park and Rajbari National Park.
The cuisine of Tripura is essentially non vegetarian and hence the key ingredient include Berma, which is dried and fermented fish, bangui rice, fish stews, bamboo shoots, fermented fish, local herbs, and meat roasts. Chuak is the traditional Tripuri rice-beer. It is made by fermenting rice in water.
Bengali people represent the largest ethno-linguist community of the state. Elements of Bengali culture, such as Bengali literature, Bengali music, and Bengali cuisine are widespread, particularly in the urban areas of the state. Tripura is noted for bamboo and cane handicrafts. Music and dance form the integral part of the state. The popular dance forms include: Jhum, Lebang, Mamita, Mosak Sulmani dance, etc.
Durga Puja is the biggest festival of Tripura and is celebrated with a zeal. While Hinduism continues to be the religious faith of majority population, Islam, Christianity are also practiced in the region.
The state has a tropical savannah climate, with maximum temperature in the summers of about 36 °C (97 °F) and minimum temperature of 13 °C (55 °F) in winters. The monsoon season is from May to September while humidity is generally high throughout the year.
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