Haryana is a state in North-Central India. The name of Haryana means the Abode of God and has been referred to as 'the heaven on the earth' in an ancient Sanskrit inscription. Location of the state was home to prominent sites of the Indus Valley and Vedic Civilizations. Several decisive battles were fought in the area, which shaped much of the history of India. These include the epic battle of Mabharata at Kurukshetra mentioned in the Hindu mythology and the three battles of Panipat.
Haryana is a landlocked state surrounding the country's capital Delhi on three sides. Haryana is a leading contributor to the country's production of food grain and milk. The capital city of the state is Chandigarh which is a Union Territory and also serves as a capital of Punjab state.
Haryana is a leading contributor to the country's production of food grain and milk.
Majority of people are Hindus (88%), the rest are Sikhs and Muslims.
Haryana has a rich cultural heritage. The Indus Valley and Vedic civilizations flourished here. The age-old customs of meditation, Yoga and chanting of Vedic mantras are still observed by the masses. Popular art are saangs (a popular folk dance drama or folk theatre), ballads and songs.
Food and cuisines of Haryana are almost same as the ones in Punjab. Popular Haryanavi dishes include Makke di roti (grounded dry corn) and Sarso da saag (vegetable dish made from mustard leaves and spices), Lassi (sweet yogurt), Rajma (vegetarian dish consisting of red kidney beans in a thick gravy), Cholay-bhature (spicy chick peas and fried bread, etc.
Major festivals in Haryana include: Surajkund Crafts Mela with handicrafts, food stalls and cultural performances representing different regions of India, Pinjore Heritage Festival – a three-day festival with music and dance performances, handicraft and food stalls, Gita Jayanti – a one week of cultural events celebrating the Bhagavad Gita’s anniversary.
Haryana state has 2 National Parks, 8 Wildlife Sanctuaries including Sultanpur National Park and Bird Sanctuary and Kalesar National Park.
The climate is hot in summer, around 45 °C (113 °F) and mild in winters. The hottest months are May and June and the coldest being December and January.
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